* Threatened or Endangered
Canada Goose *
: Branta canadensis
: Naturally occurring in North America, northern Europe, Siberia, China, Japan. Introduced to Great Britain, Netherlands and Scandinavia.
: Green vegetation and grains
: Weight 5 - 14 lbs., wingspan up to 71 inches
: Over-hunting and habitat loss caused numbers to decline in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. The Giant Canada Goose was thought to be extinct until a small flock was found in Minnesota in 1962. Overall, numbers are now on the rebound.
These well-known birds were first introduced in England in the late 17th century as an addition to King James II waterfowl collection. Known for their v-shaped migrations, birds found in milder climates such as the Pacific Northwest do not migrate. Chicks become fledglings at between six and nine weeks of age and learn to fly a few weeks later. They remain with their parents for about one year. The genus name branta refers to “black geese.”