* Threatened or Endangered
Royal Gramma *
: Gramma loreto
: It prefers extensive rockwork caves in which to hide and somewhat subdued lighting. Middle to bottom, need plenty of hiding places. Grammas live close by their nooks and crannies, upside down; right side up, at all angles. They prefer as much decor, broken up environment as possible, as well as low illumination. These fishes make great additions for reef tanks, staying small, not bothering invertebrates, and keeping deviant live rock critters, like benthic crustaceans and worms in population check.
: Since it is a carnivore feed a varied diet of meaty fare, including marine fish, crustacean flesh, mysis shrimp, and quality frozen preparations. This fish will accept most meaty and flake foods. Rotating the types of food you feed is a good idea; this will keep the fish from becoming picky.
: Up to 4 inches (10 cm)
When it is time to breed; the male Royal Gramma will build a nest among rocks using pieces of algae. He will then lead the female fish into the nest where she will deposit 20-100 tiny eggs among the algae strands. Throughout the breeding period, this behavior can be repeated almost every day for a month or even longer. The eggs are normally about 1 mm / 0.04 in and equipped with small protuberances over the surface, with tiny threads extending from them. These threads make it possible for the eggs to stay attached to the algae inside the nest. You can expect the eggs to hatch after 5-7 days, typically in the evening when it is dark. Royal Gramma has been successfully bred in captivity. You can feed the fry rotifers until they have grown big enough to devour newly hatched brine shrimp.
They can be somewhat aggressive with other royal grammas when defending their territory. Because of this, keep only one of this species per tank to avoid the territorial aggression. Be sure to provide plenty of hiding places to help make them feel secure. Since it demonstrates territorial aggression towards its own kind, the Royal Gramma Basslet should be housed singly. However, most Royal Gramma Basslets are peaceful towards tankmates of similar size and temperament.
Very hardy. Very disease resistant. Does well within normal reef tank temperature ranges of 75-84°F. Excellent reef inhabitant. Very good beginner fish.