* Threatened or Endangered
: Rangifer tarandus
: Wild- Siberia, Greenland, Alaska and Canada. Domesticated- northern Scandinavia, Russia and Iceland
: Lichens, willows, birches, sedges and grasses
: Weight 130 - 600 lbs., depending upon subspecies
: Domesticated animals are called reindeer while the same species in the wild is called caribou. Some wild subspecies are quite rare, while there remain good populations of domesticated animals in most of their range.
Unlike other members of the deer family, both males and females grow antlers. Their nostrils are specially adapted to warm cold air as it enters. The hair is hollow, providing warmth and the hooves are specially adapted to walk on snow. These animals travel farther than any other terrestrial mammal, going up to 3200 miles during migration. Julius Caesar provided the first written description in the 1st century B.C.