* Threatened or Endangered
American Bison *
: Bison bison
: United States and Canada
: Males up to 3000 pounds, females up to 1000 pounds, total length up to 11 feet including a 2 foot tail
: Thriving in some National Parks, protected areas and private facilities in the United States
Bison once numbered in the millions across the Great Plains. By the early 1800’s when Lewis and Clark passed through North Dakota, their numbers were rapidly dwindling. Bison can live up to 35 years and are well-suited for life on the prairie. Sometimes called “buffalo,” they are a separate species from the Asian Water Buffalo and African Cape Buffalo that the name buffalo correctly refers to.