* Threatened or Endangered
Arctic Fox *
: Alopex lagopus
: Northern and western Alaska and Canada, Russia, Scandinavia and Greenland
: Small mammals including lemmings, hares and voles and carrion
: Weight 6 to 10 lbs.
: Common in most of its range except for Norway, Sweden and Finland where the total population numbers just a few hundred or less.
This small fox is well-suited for life in the frozen north. It has rounded, well-protected ears, thick fur all over its body, including the bottoms of the feet, and a special heat transfer system that helps to keep it warm. They don’t even shiver until it’s at least 97 below zero. An excellent sense of hearing enables them to locate a rodent that is making noise under the snow, pouncing to break through and catch the prey. They also snatch tidbits from larger prey when available.